Endometriosis is a relatively common condition affecting one in five women. It is associated with inflammation and growth of the endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. There are a range of theories regarding the causes, with the possibility of an immune response or autoimmunity being likely, along with hormonal imbalances.
A saliva hormone screening test is recommended to clarify hormonal status. The most frequently seen pattern is one of an estrogen excess, meaning that the estrogen level is higher in comparison to progesterone. Estrogen tends to be associated with inflammation and promotion of uterine tissue.
Herbal medicine and lifestyle changes may help to reduce the inflammation and pain and are targeted at improving the specific hormonal issues. Treatment is aimed at modulating the metabolism of estrogen to restore balance and reduce the inflammation.